Rottweiler : character, behavior, food, health


Description and characteristics of the Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is recognizable by its imposing, powerful and muscular athletic body with a large head. Its nose and lower legs are tan while the rest of its body is black. Their hair is of medium length, smooth and hard to the touch. Rottweilers have dark brown almond-shaped eyes and triangular ears hanging down the side of their head.

Hair: Made up of an undercoat completely covered by the top hairs, the coat is of medium length, smooth, hard and close fitting. The hair on the hind legs is very slightly longer.

Colour: Black with well defined tan markings on cheeks, muzzle, underneath neck, chest, legs, above eyes and under root of tail.

His head: medium size, fairly large between the ears. The forehead is slightly curved and the jaw is developed and powerful.

Ears: wide apart and set high on the skull. Their shape is triangular and they fall forward, visually increasing the size of the head.

Eyes: Dark brown, almond-shaped.

Body: Rather stocky with strong bones, well developed bust and very muscular thighs. Neither short on legs nor doggy-style, it is a well proportioned hound with a robust, supple and enduring gait. Small peculiarity: he can have webbed legs!

Tail: In its natural state, it is in the horizontal extension of the back or slightly raised. At rest, it can be hanging. It is short and covered with smooth, hard hair.

Origins and history

Its ancient origin is common to that of all the molossoids whose ancestor is the Tibetan Mastiff. Dogs of the molossoid type were present, under different names depending on the region, all over Germany. Its name comes from the town of Rottweil, where the former “butcher’s dog” was widespread. It was an extremely versatile animal because it was able to stand guard, defend its master and perform other functions, such as being a sled dog.

Rottweiler in apartment

This categorized dog will be perfectly able to adapt to a city and apartment life if his daily spending needs are respected and met.
One might think that his power and size are incompatible with city life, but he won’t necessarily be happier alone in a large garden.
This dog simply needs to be surrounded, spent and considered in an intelligent way to be well in his paws.
If he lives in an apartment, several outside outings will be essential for his physical and psychic balance.
Attention, the regulation of categorized dogs, in connection with the law of 1999 (then of 2008) relating to the so-called “dangerous” animals, must be perfectly applied and respected by the masters.



Supports solitude

This dog is not a great loner, he needs to be surrounded to be well in his paws without however showing an excessive hyper attachment of nature.
He will always prefer the presence of his masters and will only bear very little isolation and confinement.
However, the positive learning of solitude will allow this hound to tolerate the absences of its masters, if it is sufficiently spent and if the periods of solitude are not too long.

Easy to educate / obedient

With a rather assertive character, the Rott is not an easy dog to train despite its intelligence and docility. An early education is necessary and the educational methods must be consistent and firm without any brutality.
This dog is not to be put in everyone’s hands as it could quickly take over and even become out of control if intelligent training is not implemented quickly.

Moreover, its categorization requires safe and solid learning so as not to reinforce the bad reputation of which it is unfortunately a victim.
Wearing a muzzle and walking on a leash without pulling must be a learning process to be favoured so that walks are safe, respectful of the law in force and experienced serenely by both the dog and his master.

In addition, a rich socialization work will have to be proposed to the Rottweiler puppy to avoid any overflow at adulthood.
Note that the female Rottweiler would be more docile than the male and would more easily accept her master’s authority. However, this will vary according to the character of the Rottweiler in question, its education and the interspecific relationship established.


It’s not a dog that barks for no reason. He uses his physical deterrent more than his voice to intimidate potential intruders.


Very attached to its social group and particularly loyal to its members, the Rott is not a runaway dog. He greatly prefers to stay with his family.


If he is not sufficiently spent and stimulated, and in spite of his calm and quiet temperament by nature, this dog could come to destroy what is within his reach to pass the time and to exteriorize his possible overflow of energy.
Moreover, the strength of his jaw is such that when playing he can quickly destroy a toy if it is not of good quality and of suitable solidity.

Greedy / gluttonous

The German Mountain Dog will never say no to a treat and this will be an excellent motivation to make him work.
However, care must be taken not to overfeed him so that he keeps his healthy weight and his iron constitution.

Watch dog

Excellent protector, this dog has the guardianship of his family in his blood and will be very brave to guarantee the safety of all.
In addition, his musculature and impressive size make him a very dissuasive dog that will have very little need to attack to make possible intruders retreat. Nevertheless, he will not hesitate to do so if he considers it necessary.

First dog

The Rottweiler is not a breed of dog compatible with novice owners. A poor knowledge of the breed and a lack of experience in dog training could make this dog very dangerous.


How to take care of your Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is a dog that needs a lot of exercise and long daily outings. He loves sports activities and loves to swim. He thrives in places with large spaces and can’t stand being locked up or tied up. It is important to avoid exposing the Rottweiler to strong heat, which he fears very much.

Feeding the Rottweiler

The Rottweiler’s diet must be rich to ensure the proper development of its bones and muscles. It is advisable to give him 2 meals a day, in the morning and in the evening, and to reserve a quiet place where he will be alone for his meals.

The health of the Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is a robust dog that does not present any particular health problems. However, like all large and medium-sized dogs, he can be affected by hip dysplasia.


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