Harvest the garlic as soon as the leaves begin to yellow, between 4 and 9 months depending on the planting period of the bulblets. It is best to harvest in dry, sunny weather.
Monitor the maturity of the heads of garlic: for good conservation and correct drying, the crop must be stopped before the end of its cycle. When the plants have about ten yellowed or even dried leaves, it is time to pull them out with a spade fork and let them dry for a day in the sun.
Then place the garlic in the shade and dry, and wait a few more days before braiding the heads of garlic or storing them in crates in a well-ventilated attic.
Advice and equipment
fork and spade
knife or snake
If you store your garlic in crates, avoid stacking them too much so that the ventilation of the bulblets is the best possible. And stir them often for good ventilation. White garlic can be stored for more than 6 months.
Good to know:
As soon as you harvest, select the heads of garlic that you will use to renew your plantation. To avoid any risk of disease transmission, never replant garlic in land where a plant of the same family (onion, shallot) has already been grown. Wait at least three years.
When to harvest the garlic?
In some regions, the harvesting of garlic starts as early as June for ‘green’ consumption. However, in order to keep it as long as possible, it is best to wait until two thirds of the leaves are yellow and dry.
Tear out the bulbs
Dig up the bulbs with a spade fork. Keep far enough away from the bulblets so as not to damage them. Then spread the bulbs on the ground and let them dry for two or three days.
Drying the garlic
If the sun is too strong, place the bulbs so that the foliage in one row covers the bulbs in the other.
When the bulbs are well dried, cut off the wilted stems with a serpentine, if you keep your garlic in boxes.
Place them in a well-ventilated, cool, dry room.
Preserving and storing garlic bulbs
For a better preservation, use the dried foliage to make braids or bundles.
Hang them in a well-ventilated cellar or attic.
Regularly monitor storage by removing any bulbs that show signs of mould or softening.
Properly stored, garlic can be kept for at least 6 months.
How to make a garlic braid
step 1/3 : Cut the dry rootlets.
Tie three heads of garlic with a reinforced plastic tie.
Place a fourth head in the center…
step 2/3 : Braid by folding an outer rod over the top, then braid the opposite one.
Place a new head in the centre.
step 2/3 : Repeat the operation each time you add a head of garlic.
At the end braid the stems together. Bind with a wire.