It is important not to judge by its small size: the Chihuahua has a sacred temperament and is very suspicious of strangers who approach it or approach its masters. A character that demonstrates his loyalty and his attachment to his family. Better yet, its small size is not synonymous with fragile health since this breed can live up to 20 years.
Characteristics of the Chihuahua
Its small size is the first detail that attracts attention when it comes to evoking the physical characteristics of the Chihuahua. It is between 16 and 20 cm long and weighs between 1 and 3 kg. He has a well-structured and compact body, with a large chest and a short, firm back. This balanced and harmonious constitution is one of the strengths of this breed.
Its coat is short, soft and shiny although it is not uncommon to see Chihuahuas with long, silky and fine hairs. White, tan, cream or black: the dress can also have several colors. His eyes are another peculiarity of the Chihuahua: they are large and very expressive. Ditto for the ears which are large, erect and very wide apart.
History of the Chihuahua breed
The Chihuahua is said to have originated in Mexico, the state of Chihuahua. He would have been much appreciated by the Aztec princesses. Several engraved stones discovered in Mexico have brought to light canines whose resemblance to the Chihuahua is striking.
Despite these legends, one thing is certain: the origin of this breed remains unclear. It could be much more distant because on a painting by Sandro Botticelli made in 1482 and named “Scenes from the life of Moses”, we can see the image of a dog that looks exactly for the Chihuahua. At the time, Europeans had not yet landed in America. So it is said that this breed originated in China and was then brought to America much later.
Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Chihuahua
Playful and dynamic, the Chihuahua is distinguished above all by its strong character. Perhaps a way to compensate for its small size. In any case, it is not a dog that lets itself go and it can make loud barks in front of strangers in order to frighten them. By its dimensions, this breed constitutes an excellent companion dog but can also take on the role of alarm dog. Since he is a fighter, he is not afraid to compete with much larger dogs. To avoid any problem, it is better to educate him from an early age so that he learns to control his fiery temper.
Regarding his living conditions, he will enjoy himself as much in an apartment as in large houses with gardens. But since he is very energetic, he should take advantage of regular walks.
Food and main Chihuahua health problems
The Chihuahua has no fragile health at all. On the contrary, it is very robust. However, it can in some cases be subject to eye irritations as well as teething problems, notably caused by tartar. Another point: as it is very dynamic, it can be the victim of falls which are likely to be fatal.
Its diet should only be rich in carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals and lipids which are provided by quality kibbles. Finally, good hydration is essential.
Even though it is small, the Chihuahua is a fairly robust dog. However, it is predisposed to certain health problems. His teeth, for example, are susceptible to lesions due to tartar, hence the need to monitor his teeth and brush them regularly. Likewise, it is sensitive to eyes which are easily irritated. Patellar dislocation is also a common condition in Chihuahuas. In this case, these small bones most of the time require surgical management.